Seed Parts and Sprouting Starts

The Edible Schoolyard Project
Berkeley, CA

Seeds are extraordinary! For example, one tiny tomato seed will grow into a beautiful tomato plant that can produce over ten pounds of tomatoes! The life of nearly all plants we eat starts as a seed. Though seeds come in different shapes, sizes, and textures, they all share common parts and contain everything a plant needs to begin growing. In this lesson, you will investigate the parts of a seed, learn about the germination process, and try sprouting seeds yourself.
Student Learning Goals & Objectives: 

Students will...

  • Understand the difference between dicots and monocots.
  • Identify four seed parts; the seed coat, endosperm, and embryo.
  • Begin to understand the function of the various seed parts.
  • Successfully germinate seeds.
Download Lesson Materials
Teaching Notes: 
  • For sections that instruct students to READ, you can record yourself reading aloud and send it to students. Direct them to read along with the recording. This is a helpful strategy for differentiating learning that supports all students, especially English Language Learners.
  • The READ sections can also serve as talking points for teachers if the lesson is being taught in person.
  • If students are completing this lesson as part of Know, Sow, Grow this is lesson number one.