Germination of a Bean Seed

Summary

Have you ever wondered what happens below ground as a plant grows? Today, you are going to watch a time-lapse video of a bean seed growing and make observations! You will write a haiku poem and draw a plant, including its hidden root system. 

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Before you get started

Collect all materials listed below. Find a quiet place to sit. Let your imagination flourish!

Materials:
  • A computer, tablet or phone to watch the video
  • A pen or pencil
 
  • A piece of paper or a notebook
  • Some colored pencils or markers
Vocabulary

Germinate: to begin to grow or develop
Seedling: a young plant
Root: the part of the plant that is usually below ground, affixes the plant to the soil and absorbs water and nutrients
Taproot: a straight tapering root growing vertically downward and forming the center from which subsidiary rootlets spring.
Root Hair: a hairlike outgrowth of a plant root
Leaf: a flattened structure of a higher plant, typically green and blade-like, that is attached to a stem directly or via a stalk/stem.
Branch: a part of a tree which grows out from the trunk
Trunk: the thick main stem of a tree, from which its branches grow
Stem: the main body of a stalk of a plant that gives rise to leaves and flowers
Syllable: an interrupted segment of speech (e.g., “gar-den” has two syllables)
Time lapse: a type of video or photography that shows a long time period quickly

WATCH:

First, view the video below without taking notes. Video can also be found at: https://tinyurl.com/ESYbean 

READ

Read through the questions on the worksheet in preparation for watching the video a second time.

DO

Watch the video again and pause it from time to time to respond to the questions in the worksheet above.

WRITE

Using your notes on the worksheet, tell the story of the bean seed using a haiku.

A haiku is a Japanese poem consisting of seventeen syllables. A “syllable” is an uninterrupted segment of speech. For example, “tree” has one syllable and “pom-e-gran-ate” has four.

Here is a sample haiku about the bean’s growth:
Searching for its life
With vertical ambitions
The bean seed it grows

Please use the Haiku Template to write your haiku.

EXPLORE/DRAW

Find a plant growing in or around your home. You will draw what you see.

Take a single sheet of paper, fold it in half and then unfold it. When you unfold it, you will see a crease separating the top half from the bottom half of the page.

Draw what you see above ground above the crease, leaving the bottom half of your page blank for the time being.

Next, imagine how the roots might look below ground. Draw what you imagine the roots would look like below the crease.

LABEL

Please label your drawing using as many of the vocabulary words as you can!

  • Seedling: a young plant
  • Root: the part of the plant that is usually below ground, affixes the plant to the soil and absorbs water and nutrients
  • Taproot: a straight tapering root growing vertically downward and forming the center from which subsidiary rootlets spring.
  • Root Hair: a hairlike outgrowth of a plant root
  • Leaf: a flattened structure of a higher plant, typically green and blade-like, that is attached to a stem directly or via a stalk/stem.
  • Branch: a part of a tree which grows out from the trunk
  • Trunk: the thick main stem of a tree, from which its branches grow
  • Stem: the main body of a stalk of a plant that gives rise to leaves and flowers
IMAGINE

Now that you know more about how plants sprout and take root, look for more plants and trees around where you live and imagine what their root systems look like!

References

Bean Time-Lapse - 25 Days. GPhase. Youtube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w77zPAtVTuI.

Disclaimer

All videos are used for educational purposes only. The Edible Schoolyard Project does not endorse any brands, labels, organizations, or businesses included in videos.